What is Typhoid Fever?
Typhoid fever is a serious disease that is caused by Salmonella Typhi, which is a bacteria. It causes weakness, high fever, stomach pain, a loss of appetite and in some cases a rash. If it is not treated, it can cause death. In most cases, typhoid is contracted from contaminated water or food. It is not common in the U.S. but affects approximately 21 million people around the world each year, killing 200,000 of them.
Who needs a Typhoid Vaccination? When?
Anyone who is traveling to a part of the world where sanitation may be substandard or where typhoid is common should receive one of these vaccinations. For maximal protection, the vaccine should be given two weeks before travel.
Typhoid vaccine is available in two different forms: as an injectable vaccine and as an oral vaccine. The injectable form and the oral form are equally effective in preventing typhoid fever.The oral typhoid vaccine is a newer alternative to the older injectable form of typhoid vaccine.
The oral vaccine is only approved for use in individuals age seven years and older; and because it is a “live” vaccine, it should not be used in persons with an immune deficiencies. The injectable vaccine can be given to those who are two years of age and older, and it can safely be given to persons who are immune deficient. One shot of the injectable vaccine will provide protection for approximately two years.
The oral typhoid vaccine is given as a series of four doses taken as one capsule every other day for a week. The oral typhoid vaccine provides protection for approximately five years.
What are the risks of a Typhoid vaccination?
There may occasionally be a few side effects associated with the injectable vaccine including a low grade fever, headache, and swelling or redness at the injection site. The oral vaccination side effects uncommon but may include nausea, vomiting abdominal pain and skin rashes. If a rare more serious reaction is noticed, then you should contact your doctor right away.
How can I learn more about a Typhoid Vaccination?
Call the Kansas City Travel and Immunization Clinic today at (913) 469-0011 and one of our knowledgeable staff will be able to assist you.